National shipping

National shipping aims to deliver goods optimally to their destination at the lowest possible cost, as safely as possible, and at the right time. National shipping is a branch of logistics.

There are several forms and means of national shipping depending on the type, and the volume of goods to be delivered, as well as the time and the cost of shipping. The most common forms of national shipping are as follows:

Groupage transport.

The term groupage transport is used when several smaller consignments are collected into a larger unit to be transported by one vehicle. The advantages are that it is cost-effective and environmentally friendly. The disadvantage is that shipping time is longer.

Full truckload (FTL) and less-than-truckload (LTL) shipping.

Full truckload shipping is employed when a single shipment fills an entire truck. Its advantages include speed and safety. However, it is costly and lacks flexibility. Less-than-truckload, or LTL, means that multiple small shipments fill a vehicle, with the shipment transported through several stops. This type of shipping is cost-effective and flexible, but it tends to be slower and less secure.

Same-day and express delivery.

Same-day and express delivery means that the shipment is delivered to the delivery point as soon as possible, even within a few hours. The advantage is that it is fast and efficient, but the disadvantage is that it is very expensive.

Transportation of hazardous goods (ADR).

Transportation of hazardous goods (ADR) involves shipping goods that may pose risks to human health, the environment, or assets, such as flammable, explosive, or infectious materials. It requires adherence to special rules, regulations, permits, documents, and equipment. While the advantage is enabling the movement of hazardous materials, the disadvantage is its complexity and expense.

Special shipping.

Special shipping refers to the movement of goods with special size, weight, shape, value, or goods requiring special handling, such as works of art, musical instruments, or machines.